About the FCLJ

The Federal Communication Law Journal (FCLJ) is one of nine academic journals published by students at The George Washington University Law School. The FCLJ is the official journal for the Federal Communications Bar Association, and in serving this important role, often features articles and essays by commissioners in the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), members of the United States Congress, and prominent professors and practitioners. The FCLJ publishes three issues each year featuring articles, book reviews, student notes, and commentaries focusing on domestic and international communications issues. Select students are invited to join the staff of the FCLJ during the summer following their first year of law school. Invitations are extended based on first-year academic performance and a writing competition held at the end of the first year. Students select articles for publication, edit and proofread these articles, and verify the accuracy and form of cited sources. The FCLJ also publishes several student-written articles and notes.

We are pleased to annouce the Volume 72 Symponsium will be held March 13, 2020 with the working title of Untethered: Politics and Speech on the Internet.


The FCLJ invites the submission of unsolicited articles, comments, essays, and reviews. Manuscripts cannot be returned unless a self-addressed, postage-paid envelope is submitted with the manuscript.


Copyright © 2019 Federal Communications Bar Association. Except as otherwise provided, the author of each article in this issue has granted permission for copies of that article to be made for classroom use, provided that (1) copies are distributed at or below cost, (2) the author and the FCLJ are identified, (3) proper notice of copyright is attached to each copy, and (4) the FCLJ is notified of the use.


Joe Christensen, Inc., in Lincoln, Nebraska


Please cite issues as [VOL#] Fed. Comm. L.J. [PAGE #] (year), e.g. 69 Fed. Comm. L.J. 1 (2016). The citations of the Journal conform to the Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (20th ed. 2015), copyright by the Columbia, Harvard, and University of Pennsylvania Law Reviews and The Yale Law Journal. Variations exist for purposes of clarity and at the editors’ discretion.

The views expressed in articles printed herein are not to be regarded as those of the Federal Communication Law Journal, the editors, The George Washington University, the Federal Communications Bar Association, or the Editorial Advisory Board.